The mudslide in Meißen, Saxony, destroyed a street and cellars had to be pumped out.
In Dresden the fire service was called to 200 incidents including to damaged streets covered in mud and debris.
And in the state of Saxony-Anhalt heavy rain also caused a mudslide. A house had to be evacuated in the town of Wettin after being hit by the mass of earth. Several roads were also flooded in the area.
Widespread floods did not hit southern areas of the state of Brandenburg as feared but the fire service was called to pump out basements and to clear fallen trees.
State weather service DWD forecast rain for the rest of Wednesday and for most of Thursday in eastern Germany.
It is a year since floods caused serious damage across the east of Germany.