The share of people at risk of poverty in the population stood at 15.8 percent in Germany -- or just over one in six -- compared with an EU average of 16.9 percent, Destatis said in a statement.
A person is defined as being at risk of poverty if their income is less than 60 percent of the median income for the population as a whole, the statisticians explained.
In Germany, that corresponded to a single person's annual income of €11,426 ($14,616) or €952 per month in 2010, Destatis said.
The countries where the largest proportion of the population was at risk were Bulgaria with 22.3 percent, Romania with 22.2 percent, Spain with 21.8 percent and Greece with 21.4 percent, the data showed.
The countries with the lowest rates were the Czech Republic with 9.8 percent, the Netherlands with 11.0 percent and Austria with 12.6 percent.