In one of a collection of 87 new pieces, Grass hails whistle-blower Mordechai Vanunu, who served 18 years in prison for leaking Israeli nuclear secrets to a British newspaper, in a poem entitled "A Hero in Our Time".
He describes former nuclear technician Vanunu as a "hero" and a "role model", according to extracts published by the German news agency DPA.
Earlier this year, Grass, 84, angered Israel after publishing a piece entitled "What Must Be Said", in which he voiced fears that a nuclear-armed Israel "could wipe out the Iranian people" with a "first strike."
Israel has since barred him from visiting the country.
Vanunu himself said that he was pleased to be mentioned by a writer of Grass's stature.
"I am very happy to be in the league of Gunter Grass," he told AFP, speaking in English. He compared Israel's ban on a Grass visit to its refusal to let Vanunu leave the country.
"Vanunu would be happy to get from the interior ministry of Israel the title 'persona non grata' and they can send me out of Israel," he said, speaking of himself with his customary use of the third person.
Israeli foreign ministry spokesman Yigal Palmor mocked Grass's poem as "surely no Schiller" adding that at least Grass had found in Vanunu one Israeli worthy of praise.
"There is at least one Israeli who finds grace in his eyes," Palmor said.
Israel is widely believed to be the only nuclear-armed power in the Middle East, with between 100 and 300 warheads, but has a policy of neither confirming nor denying it has an atomic arsenal.
It has refused to sign the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty or to allow international surveillance of its Dimona plant in the Negev desert in the south of the country.
Vanunu served 18 years behind bars for disclosing the inner workings of Dimona to Britain's Sunday Times newspaper in 1986.
He was released in 2004 but banned from travel or contact with foreigners without prior permission. He has since been sanctioned more than 20 times for breaking the rules.
Grass, one of Germany's most influential intellectuals, sparked a firestorm of criticism at home and abroad in April for "What Must Be Said".
Outraged commentators said while criticism of Israeli government policies was legitimate, Grass had published a one-sided portrayal of Israel as a bloodthirsty aggressor against Iran which frequently issues diatribes against the Jewish state.
Grass achieved world fame with his debut novel, "The Tin Drum" in 1959, and has pressed his country for decades to face up to its Nazi past.
But he saw his substantial moral authority undermined by his 2006 admission, six decades after World War II, that he had been a member of Hitler's notorious Waffen SS as a 17-year-old.