Berlin’s Jewish Museum marks 10th anniversary

Berlin's Jewish Museum is marking its first decade by asking the question “What does it mean to be German?” hosting a string of artistic events and throwing a giant birthday bash.

Berlin's Jewish Museum marks 10th anniversary
Jüdisches Museum Berlin, Photo: Jens Ziehe

Ten years ago the museum created a platform for two millennia of German-Jewish history and offered the opportunity for the voices silenced by the Nazi regime and the Holocaust, to be heard again.

Seven million visitors later, the museum is celebrating its tenth anniversary with exhibits and events to re-examine racial issues in the modern era.

Heimatkunde; How German Is It? 30 Artists’ Notion of Home,“ the museum’s special exhibit, opens on Friday and promises to expand the questions of identity and belonging – often associated with the Jewish community – into a nation-wide exploration: What does it mean to be German?

“For me, this question has a lot to do with Jewish history,” said Cilly Kugelmann, programme director and deputy director of the Berlin Jewish Museum, at the launch.

Minorities are extremely sensitive for psychological and nationality-related subjects, which the exhibit aims to examine, she said.

Margret Kampmeyer-Käding, project manager of the special exhibit, said that while collecting works for the exhibit over the past ten years, the museum carefully selected artists with a Jewish background.

Nonetheless, the thirty artists with roots in 42 different countries were given free rein to approach the task as they saw fit.

“It’s our topic from different perspectives,” Kampmeyer-Käding said.

Click here for a photo gallery of the exhibition

The resulting exhibition is a multi-sensory experience, where visitors can experience Heimat or homeland in sight, smell, touch and sound.

From live plants taken from various plots around Berlin to three-dimensional portrayals of living rooms to a dirndl that transforms into a prayer rug, the exhibit immerses visitors in its unconventional and seemingly chaotic collection of materials connected to the concept.

Despite its diversity, the exhibit was, however, painstakingly planned, the directors said.

Kampmeyer-Käding said the architects responsible for the exhibit’s space took inspiration from architect Daniel Libeskind’s zig-zag museum design.

Changing floor angles and slanted walls should force visitors to constantly re-evaluate the art from a different perspective, she said.

The thirty-artist exhibit, which runs until January 29, 2012, is only one highlight of the museum’s ten year anniversary offerings.

A festival week will kick off on October 24 with a gala concert by the Berlin Staatskapelle orchestra conducted by Daniel Barenboim.

Other planned events include a literary excursion through Berlin with an introduction by Libeskind, a symposium exploring the relationship between Jews, Turks and other Germans and an afternoon birthday party for the museum open to the public.

Erin Huggins

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EXPLAINED: Berlin’s latest Covid rules

In response to rapidly rising Covid-19 infection rates, the Berlin Senate has introduced stricter rules, which came into force on Saturday, November 27th. Here's what you need to know.

A sign in front of a waxing studio in Berlin indicates the rule of the 2G system
A sign in front of a waxing studio indicates the rule of the 2G system with access only for fully vaccinated people and those who can show proof of recovery from Covid-19 as restrictions tighten in Berlin. STEFANIE LOOS / AFP

The Senate agreed on the tougher restrictions on Tuesday, November 23rd with the goal of reducing contacts and mobility, according to State Secretary of Health Martin Matz (SPD).

He explained after the meeting that these measures should slow the increase in Covid-19 infection rates, which was important as “the situation had, unfortunately, deteriorated over the past weeks”, according to media reports.

READ ALSO: Tougher Covid measures needed to stop 100,000 more deaths, warns top German virologist

Essentially, the new rules exclude from much of public life anyone who cannot show proof of vaccination or recovery from Covid-19. You’ll find more details of how different sectors are affected below.

If you haven’t been vaccinated or recovered (2G – geimpft (vaccinated) or genesen (recovered)) from Covid-19, then you can only go into shops for essential supplies, i.e. food shopping in supermarkets or to drugstores and pharmacies.

Many – but not all – of the rules for shopping are the same as those passed in the neighbouring state of Brandenburg in order to avoid promoting ‘shopping tourism’ with different restrictions in different states.

2G applies here, too, as well as the requirement to wear a mask with most places now no longer accepting a negative test for entry. Only minors are exempt from this requirement.

Sport, culture, clubs
Indoor sports halls will off-limits to anyone who hasn’t  been vaccinated or can’t show proof of recovery from Covid-19. 2G is also in force for cultural events, such as plays and concerts, where there’s also a requirement to wear a mask. 

In places where mask-wearing isn’t possible, such as dance clubs, then a negative test and social distancing are required (capacity is capped at 50 percent of the maximum).

Restaurants, bars, pubs (indoors)
You have to wear a mask in all of these places when you come in, leave or move around. You can only take your mask off while you’re sat down. 2G rules also apply here.

Hotels and other types of accommodation 
Restrictions are tougher here, too, with 2G now in force. This means that unvaccinated people can no longer get a room, even if they have a negative test.

For close-contact services, such as hairdressers and beauticians, it’s up to the service providers themselves to decide whether they require customers to wear masks or a negative test.

Football matches and other large-scale events
Rules have changed here, too. From December 1st, capacity will be limited to 5,000 people plus 50 percent of the total potential stadium or arena capacity. And only those who’ve been vaccinated or have recovered from Covid-19 will be allowed in. Masks are also compulsory.

For the Olympic Stadium, this means capacity will be capped at 42,000 spectators and 16,000 for the Alte Försterei stadium. 

3G rules – ie vaccinated, recovered or a negative test – still apply on the U-Bahn, S-Bahn, trams and buses in Berlin. It was not possible to tighten restrictions, Matz said, as the regulations were issued at national level.

According to the German Act on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases, people have to wear a surgical mask or an FFP2 mask  on public transport.

Christmas markets
The Senate currently has no plans to cancel the capital’s Christmas markets, some of which have been open since Monday. 

According to Matz, 2G rules apply and wearing a mask is compulsory.

Schools and day-care
Pupils will still have to take Covid tests three times a week and, in classes where there are at least two children who test positive in the rapid antigen tests, then tests should be carried out daily for a week.  

Unlike in Brandenburg, there are currently no plans to move away from face-to-face teaching. The child-friendly ‘lollipop’ Covid tests will be made compulsory in day-care centres and parents will be required to confirm that the tests have been carried out. Day-care staff have to document the results.

What about vaccination centres?
Berlin wants to expand these and set up new ones, according to Matz. A new vaccination centre should open in the Ring centre at the end of the week and 50 soldiers from the German army have been helping at the vaccination centre at the Exhibition Centre each day since last week.

The capacity in the new vaccination centre in the Lindencenter in Lichtenberg is expected to be doubled. There are also additional vaccination appointments so that people can get their jabs more quickly. Currently, all appointments are fully booked well into the new year.