Children’s TV Kika station loses €7 mln to alleged embezzlement

The German children’s TV channel Kinderkanal is at the centre of a fraud scandal with the revelation that a trusted production manager allegedly embezzled up to €7 million from the public station.

Children's TV Kika station loses €7 mln to alleged embezzlement
Beloved Kika character Bernd the Bread meets his fans. Photo: DPA

Udo Reiter, the head of broadcaster MDR, which is responsible for the children’s channel known by its shortened name Kika, admitted in an interview with daily Tagesspigel that there were serious flaws in the way the network monitored its accounting.

Former production manager Marco K. is being held on remand and investigated over 72 cases of embezzlement and breach of confidence. Kika, which supplies content to public broadcasters ARD and ZDF, has lost at least €4 million and as much as €7 million, according to various media reports.

Amazingly, the fraud appears to have netted about €1 million a year since 2005 from an overall budget of about €32 million without anyone having noticed.

Marco K. is supposed to have paid bogus invoices to the now-insolvent Berlin production company Kopp Film.

“The man concerned … knew every corner of the station and was regarded as trustworthy and responsible. He therefore had a key position,” Reiter told Tagesspiegel. “And he apparently took advantage of that (trust) ruthlessly and with great criminal energy. Otherwise the whole incident cannot be explained.

“In hindsight, there were various rumours, for example that the man had been a gambler and had often been seen in a certain casino. It was also said that he had an inheritance, so people left it alone. There was never anything concrete.”

Reiter has previously announced “wider security for the monitoring of accounting.”

There had been internal checks, which had been monitored by regional broadcaster Hessischer Rundfunk as well as parent ZDF. There were recommendations for internal improvements but no clues that the embezzlement had been going on, Reiter said.

The bogus bills were so detailed and specific that an outsider who was not directly involved in production could not, without great difficultly, see that they were false, Reiter said.

The weak point in the accounting that allowed the fraud to happen was that orders, accounts and final payments to production contractors of Kika were not kept as strictly separate as they normally were – for example at the parent broadcaster. But this had been tightened, he said.

“That apparently was the gateway to the money,” Reiter said.

He vowed that Kika would try to recover the money that had been lost.

“We don’t know whether it’s still all at the casino. If not, that we will pay it back ourselves, I can promise you that.”

The Local/djw

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EXPLAINED: What you need to know about gun laws in Germany

Germany is known for having some of the world’s strictest gun laws, but shooting incidents continue to cause concern.

EXPLAINED: What you need to know about gun laws in Germany

Is it difficult to get a gun in Germany?

To get a gun in Germany you firstly have to obtain a firearms ownership license (Waffenbesitzkarte) – and you may need a different one for each weapon you buy – or a license to carry (Waffenschein).

Applicants for a license must be at least 18-years-old and undergo what’s called a reliability check. This includes checking for criminal records, whether the person is an alcohol or drug addict, whether they have a mental illness or any other attributes that might make them owning a gun a potential concern for authorities.

They also have to pass a “specialised knowledge test” on guns and people younger than 25 applying for their first license must go through a psychiatric evaluation.

Crucially, applicants must also prove a specific and approved “need“ for the weapon, which is mainly limited to use by hunters, competitive marksmen, collectors and security workers – not for self-defence.

Once you have a license, you’re also limited in the number of and kinds of guns you may own, depending on what kind of license you have: Fully automatic weapons are banned for everyone, while semiautomatic firearms are banned for anything other than hunting or competitive shooting.

A revolver lies on an application for the issuance of a firearms license. Photo: picture alliance / Carsten Rehder/dpa | Carsten Rehder

How many legal guns are there in Germany? 

According to the latest figures from the Federal Ministry of the Interior, as of May 31st, 2022, there were 5.018,963 registered guns in Germany, and 946,546 gun owners entered in the National Weapons Register (NWR).

Where are the most guns in Germany?

Most legal guns are found in rural areas and are used in hunting or shooting sports. Guns are also more widespread in the western States than in the states that make up the former East Germany, where private gun ownership was extremely limited. 

READ ALSO: German prosecutors say poaching led to double police murder

What about undocumented guns in Germany?

One problem in Germany is so-called ‘old’ weapons. It’s impossible to estimate how many weapons from the two world wars are still in circulation and such antiques have appeared in a number of high-profile incidents in the last few years.

The pistol hidden in a Vienna airport by Bundeswehr officer Franco A was a Unique pistol from 1917 and the 2007 murder of a police officer in Heilbronn involved a Wehrmacht pistol. 

In 2009, around 200,000 weapons were returned in a gun amnesty, but it is still unclear how many illegal weapons are still out there.

Does Germany have a gun violence problem?

Gun crime is relatively rare in Germany, which has some of the strictest gun laws in Europe and, according to the latest figures from the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA), gun-related crimes in Germany are decreasing.

In 2021, there were 9.8 percent fewer crimes committed with a firearm than the previous year, while the number of cases recorded by the police in which a firearm was used to threaten fell by 11.2 percent. Shots were fired in 4,074 of the total number of recorded cases, down 8.5 percent from 2021.

An armored weapons cabinet filled with long guns. Photo: picture alliance / dpa | Friso Gentsch

Despite this, there have been several mass shootings within the past two decades, which have had a big impact on public consciousness and on gun control policy. 

Between 2002 and 2009 there were three major incidents of young men carrying out shootings at their former high schools and, in 2020, a racially motivated gunman shot and killed 11 people and injured numerous others in an attack on two shisha bars in Hanau. The perpetrator was allowed to legally possess firearms, although he had previously sent letters with right-wing extremist content to authorities.

Recently there were also shootings at Heidelberg University in southwestern Germany and at a supermarket in Schwalmstadt in Hesse.

Are German gun laws about to change?

The German parliament reacted to the mass shooting incidents in the early 2000s by tightening the gun laws, and, in the wake of the Hanau attack, a new amendment is in the works, which aims to shift focus towards monitoring gun owners with extremist, right-wing views.

READ ALSO: Germany marks a year since deadly racist shooting in Hanau

In December 2021, Federal Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD) announced her intention to further tighten gun laws, as part of a plan to tackle right-wing extremism.

The authorities in charge of the protection of the constitution have been warning for some time that neo-Nazis are deliberately joining shooting clubs to obtain guns and the Federal Ministry of the Interior reports that 1.500 suspected right-wing extremists among legal gun owners.

Campaigners say more needs to be done to stop gun crime. 

Dagmar Ellerbrock, a historian and expert on weapons history at the Technical University of Dresden said: “It is high time that we try to at least make it more difficult for these political groups to find their way through the shooting associations.”