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HEALTH

Workers need to unplug, survey finds

The line between work and leisure time is becoming increasingly blurred, with the overwhelming majority of German employees now reachable by mobile phone and email outside of normal work hours, a survey has found.

Workers need to unplug, survey finds
Photo: DPA

Some 84 percent of employees in Germany can be contacted by colleagues, customers and bosses outside their work time, the poll published Thursday by health insurer BKK found.

Half are actually on “stand-by” in their leisure time, the poll of 2,322 workers aged 18 to 65 found.

The study also found that nearly half of workers in Germany have no normal, five-day working week, but rather work frequently on weekends and public holidays, at nights or simply when they are called on to do so.

Every second employee surveyed reported sleeping problems both on work days and days off. Thirteen percent suffered sleep problems almost every night, most often because of general stress, closely followed by stress related to being overburdened, in which private worries such as family problems “cannot be separated from work.”

About one in seven cited the stress of being constantly reachable because of work demands.

“The fact that half of employees have sleep problems and therefore do not feel rested is a matter of concern to us,” said BKK boss Heinz Kaltenbach said.

“Constant fatigue can be a sign of emotional ‘burnout.’ Our health report shows that in the last five years the number of sick days that according to medical data can be traced back to so called ‘burnout syndrome’ has increased ten-fold.”

Sleep shortage is most likely to be suffered by people who work more than 50 hours a week, the survey found. They sleep on average 6.5 hours a night. One in three of these people works regularly on Sundays and holidays.

These people are often self-employed or in managerial positions and generally have household net incomes of at least €2,500 per month.

Of all the workers surveyed, more than half slept at least seven hours a night. One in four slept eight or more hours.

One in five surveyed said they would check their emails or SMS for work purposes shortly before they went to sleep.

Kaltenbach said workers should “assess whether it is really necessary to be reachable all the time.”

DAPD/The Local

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HEALTH

The vocab you need for a trip to the dentist in Germany

Going to the dentist can be daunting at the best of times and being unsure of the language can make things ten times worse. We’ve put together a guide of the German words and phrases you need to help take some of the pain away.

The vocab you need for a trip to the dentist in Germany

When you arrive at the dentist, you’ll usually be asked if you’re gesetzlich or privat versichert (if you have state or private health insurance) and asked to present your health insurance card. However, for most procedures, you will still have to pay something extra on top. 

The most common reason for a trip to the dentist (Zahnarzt) is having eine Vorsorgeuntersuchung (check-up) or a cleaning appointment (eine Zahnreinigung or eine Prophylaxe) which most dentists recommend having twice a year.

Most health insurers won’t reimburse the full cost of teeth cleaning – so make sure you check beforehand with your Krankenkasse which costs are covered.

In a cleaning appointment, the dentist will remove plaque (der Zahnbelag) and check the health of your teeth (die Zähne) and gums (das Zahnfleisch). If they tell you that they see Karies (tooth decay) then you may be told to come back for another appointment to get a filling (eine Zahnfüllung or eine Plombe).

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about making a doctor’s appointment in Germany

They will certainly remind you at the end of the appointment to use Zahnseide (dental floss) on a daily basis (täglich) and also recommend that you use Interdentalbürsten (interdental brushes) for cleaning in between the teeth.

In the chair

When you actually get into the hot seat, you will be usually asked to do certain things by your dentist or dental assistant (Zahntechniker) so they can do what they need to do.

The first thing you’ll usually be asked to do is ausspülen bitte – to rinse your mouth with mouthwash (die Mundspülung) usually in a plastic cup in a little sink next to the dental chair. They might ask you to keep the liquid in your mouth for a certain number of seconds until they tell you to ausspucken (spit it out).

A woman undergoes a dental examination. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-tmn | Markus Scholz

When you’re lying down, you’ll inevitably be told Mund öffnen bitte or aufmachen bitte (open your mouth) and likewise, you might be asked to zumachen (close) your mouth at some point. Other typical instructions in the dentist’s chair are: Mundlocker lassen (relax your mouth), Kopf zu mir drehen (turn your head towards me) and Kinn nach oben (chin upwards).

Types of dental issues

There are numerous complaints that could compel you to pay a visit to the dentist, but one of the most common is having a filling (eine Zahnfüllung) or having a crown (eine Zahnkrone).Your health insurance will cover the cost of the most basic kind of material for filling up a cavity, but you will be presented with a price list (or if you aren’t – ask) for the different types of materials for crowns or fillings.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: How dental care works in Germany

Another common complaint is having to have a tooth removed (eine Zahnextraction) – a particularly common procedure for a wisdom tooth (der Weisheitszahn). A more serious extraction procedure is a root canal treatment (eine Wuzelkanalbehandlung).

If you have this kind of procedure, you will normally be offered a local anaesthetic (örtliche Betäubung or Lokalanästhesie) and you may also need an X-Ray (ein Röntgen).

More useful phrases and vocabulary

Braces – (die) Zahnspangen

Sensitive teeth – empfindliche

ZähneTooth pain – (der) Zahnschmerz

Dentures – (die) ProtheseI have toothache when I chew/drink – Ich habe Zahnschmerzen beim kauen/trinken

I have light/strong pain on this tooth – Ich habe leichte/starke Schmerzen an diesem Zahn

My gums are inflamed – Ich habe eine Entzündung am Zahnfleisch

I am nervous about the treatment – Ich habe Angst vor der Behandlung

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