The Greening of Berlin

The popular Green party aims to take over Berlin's government in 2011. But Roger Boyes, Berlin correspondent for British daily The Times, warns they must find ways to implement the necessary “eco-dictatorship” on a tight budget in the debt-ridden capital.

The Greening of Berlin
Photo: DPA

Who would want to be mayor of Berlin? Sure, there are worse jobs. Salesman in one of the German capital’s many sex shops, perhaps. But to be mayor of Berlin is to live a lie: you have to pretend that this strange fractured city is still governable. You have to act as if your decisions make a difference when actually the actions of City Hall are increasingly irrelevant to everyday life in Berlin.

And now the formidable Renate Künast – who has always reminded me of the Belgian comic strip Tintin – has declared herself a candidate for the job. Like Tintin, the roving reporter, she is constantly on the move in search of adventure, solving mysteries, unmasking bad men. And just as we never see the cartoon journalist actually writing a story, we rarely see Ms. Künast actually making decisions. So it could be that she is just about perfect for the Berlin job.

The Greens are astonishingly popular at the moment because they are deemed to be in accord with the zeitgeist. There is a deep suspicion about insensitive political decision-making, the inability of politicians to address popular fears and resentment.

We need to find new ways of conducting a political conversation – that is obviously what Stuttgart 21 demonstrates. The protestors there, and near Gorleben in recent weeks, were overwhelmingly bourgeois – doctors and teachers in Timberland boots angry that politicians did not seem to be treating them seriously. Increasingly Berliners feel the same about their centre-left Social Democratic Mayor Klaus Wowereit, that he has stopped listening. The Greens, on the other hand, have created a whole culture of political debate. They remain the party of speech therapy.

But when it comes down to governing rather than consulting, Greens too often resort to pressure, to force. The classic example is the Marburg solar panel obligation: the ruling that all home owners have to heat their water with solar energy when they renovate their houses. From the English point of view, this is an extraordinary infringement of property rights. The Greens’ party conference later this month will set national targets – complete ecological power by 2030; oil heating out of houses by 2015 – that can only be realised by compulsory measures. That is the paradox of Green power. On the one hand it promises a consultative democracy; on the other hand it denies choice for those people who do not want, or cannot afford, to conform with a politically correct approach to containing climate change.

If Renate Künast becomes mayor, will she act as an eco-dictator, a kind of Green Imelda Marcos? The truth is that the most successful Green mayors – in Tübingen and Freiburg – have been directly elected and enjoy popular support, a licence to experiment. Künast does not have this luxury. The only certainty is that Green city management functions best in rich communities such as clean and tidy Swabia. There, they argue about the hazards of leaf blowers. Here in Berlin we are knee deep in dog shit, much of it hidden by leaves.

There is a difference between Green government in the southwest of the country and in this proletarian capital. What seems like eco-dictatorship in Marburg may be the only way to change behaviour in Berlin. A Mayor Künast would impose a general 30 kilometre speed limit on Berlin with the exception of the main roads. Is that dictatorial? Many taxi drivers will say so. But slower traffic and parking meters in the centre of town will make Berliners think twice about using cars. Frustrated Berlin motorists will shift to public transportation. I find that just fine. Even an increase in bike paths, as planned by Künast is acceptable providing she doesn’t actually order me to get on a bicycle. But naturally such a policy has to be supported by more investment in public transport. Wowereit once declared it to be a top priority, though nothing much came out of that, partly because he had not developed a proper urban mobility strategy, but also because there is no money to invest.

Here we come to the hub of the problem of the Künast candidacy. I don’t mind a woman giving me orders; we all have to get used to that. But she has to prove that Green plans can be achieved with less, not more bureaucracy. And that she has the financial competence to juggle priorities, freeing up money for some new urban investment, while at the same time making intelligent cuts to reduce Berlin’s ridiculous levels of debt. Is she capable of doing that? I don’t yet see the evidence.

Despite her image in the boulevard press, Künast is not a revolutionary. Britain’s Prince Charles once declared Renate Künast to be his favourite German politician – I suppose he likes her plan to have more wilderness areas in Berlin’s parks – so we may yet see a special Anglo-German axis develop.

An eco-King Charles and a Mayor Künast exchanging tips about the post-industrial future? It could happen. But for Charles to be credible he will have to give up some of his expensive palaces and cut back his air miles. And Mayor Künast will have to find the money to turn Berlin’s mountains of dog crap into bio-energy. Nothing less will convince Berliners that their city is ready for a green revolution.

For more Roger Boyes, check out his website here.

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EXPLAINED: Berlin’s latest Covid rules

In response to rapidly rising Covid-19 infection rates, the Berlin Senate has introduced stricter rules, which came into force on Saturday, November 27th. Here's what you need to know.

A sign in front of a waxing studio in Berlin indicates the rule of the 2G system
A sign in front of a waxing studio indicates the rule of the 2G system with access only for fully vaccinated people and those who can show proof of recovery from Covid-19 as restrictions tighten in Berlin. STEFANIE LOOS / AFP

The Senate agreed on the tougher restrictions on Tuesday, November 23rd with the goal of reducing contacts and mobility, according to State Secretary of Health Martin Matz (SPD).

He explained after the meeting that these measures should slow the increase in Covid-19 infection rates, which was important as “the situation had, unfortunately, deteriorated over the past weeks”, according to media reports.

READ ALSO: Tougher Covid measures needed to stop 100,000 more deaths, warns top German virologist

Essentially, the new rules exclude from much of public life anyone who cannot show proof of vaccination or recovery from Covid-19. You’ll find more details of how different sectors are affected below.

If you haven’t been vaccinated or recovered (2G – geimpft (vaccinated) or genesen (recovered)) from Covid-19, then you can only go into shops for essential supplies, i.e. food shopping in supermarkets or to drugstores and pharmacies.

Many – but not all – of the rules for shopping are the same as those passed in the neighbouring state of Brandenburg in order to avoid promoting ‘shopping tourism’ with different restrictions in different states.

2G applies here, too, as well as the requirement to wear a mask with most places now no longer accepting a negative test for entry. Only minors are exempt from this requirement.

Sport, culture, clubs
Indoor sports halls will off-limits to anyone who hasn’t  been vaccinated or can’t show proof of recovery from Covid-19. 2G is also in force for cultural events, such as plays and concerts, where there’s also a requirement to wear a mask. 

In places where mask-wearing isn’t possible, such as dance clubs, then a negative test and social distancing are required (capacity is capped at 50 percent of the maximum).

Restaurants, bars, pubs (indoors)
You have to wear a mask in all of these places when you come in, leave or move around. You can only take your mask off while you’re sat down. 2G rules also apply here.

Hotels and other types of accommodation 
Restrictions are tougher here, too, with 2G now in force. This means that unvaccinated people can no longer get a room, even if they have a negative test.

For close-contact services, such as hairdressers and beauticians, it’s up to the service providers themselves to decide whether they require customers to wear masks or a negative test.

Football matches and other large-scale events
Rules have changed here, too. From December 1st, capacity will be limited to 5,000 people plus 50 percent of the total potential stadium or arena capacity. And only those who’ve been vaccinated or have recovered from Covid-19 will be allowed in. Masks are also compulsory.

For the Olympic Stadium, this means capacity will be capped at 42,000 spectators and 16,000 for the Alte Försterei stadium. 

3G rules – ie vaccinated, recovered or a negative test – still apply on the U-Bahn, S-Bahn, trams and buses in Berlin. It was not possible to tighten restrictions, Matz said, as the regulations were issued at national level.

According to the German Act on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases, people have to wear a surgical mask or an FFP2 mask  on public transport.

Christmas markets
The Senate currently has no plans to cancel the capital’s Christmas markets, some of which have been open since Monday. 

According to Matz, 2G rules apply and wearing a mask is compulsory.

Schools and day-care
Pupils will still have to take Covid tests three times a week and, in classes where there are at least two children who test positive in the rapid antigen tests, then tests should be carried out daily for a week.  

Unlike in Brandenburg, there are currently no plans to move away from face-to-face teaching. The child-friendly ‘lollipop’ Covid tests will be made compulsory in day-care centres and parents will be required to confirm that the tests have been carried out. Day-care staff have to document the results.

What about vaccination centres?
Berlin wants to expand these and set up new ones, according to Matz. A new vaccination centre should open in the Ring centre at the end of the week and 50 soldiers from the German army have been helping at the vaccination centre at the Exhibition Centre each day since last week.

The capacity in the new vaccination centre in the Lindencenter in Lichtenberg is expected to be doubled. There are also additional vaccination appointments so that people can get their jabs more quickly. Currently, all appointments are fully booked well into the new year.