Porsche buy launches VW drive for world domination

Volkswagen's triumphant bid to take over luxury German carmaker Porsche marks the end of a bitter family power struggle and the start of a drive to become the world's top auto manufacturer.

Porsche buy launches VW drive for world domination
Photo: DPA

“VW and Porsche are entering a new era — the company has the means to become number one,” pipping Japan’s Toyota by 2018, chief executive Martin Winterkorn said Friday at company headquarters in Wolfsburg, northern Germany.

Volkswagen, already Europe’s biggest automaker, and Porsche, maker of the legendary 911 sports car, agreed to a tie-up late Thursday after nearly four years of brinkmanship and infighting.

The full acquisition, which will also entail the Gulf state of Qatar taking a stake in Porsche and which VW estimates will produce €3 billion ($4 billion) in synergies, should be complete by 2011.

It closes an ugly chapter in the history of Germany’s illustrious auto sector that began in late 2005, when two of the industry’s biggest names crossed swords in a duel for control of the empire.

In the beginning, it was Porsche that sought to buy VW in a bid to drive down the average carbon dioxide emissions of its fleet before new European anti-pollution legislation comes into effect in 2012.

VW’s efficient Polo and Skoda models were to offset Porsche’s greenhouse-gas-spewing muscle cars.

Porsche, which already uses VW assembly lines, also aimed to protect its powerful but insular partner against potential foreign investors.

The Stuttgart-based manufacturer tried to acquire 75 percent of the shares in VW but the attempt backfired in May against the backdrop of the financial crisis, which hit the auto market hard and produced a crippling credit crunch.

Porsche, with just 12,000 employees compared to VW’s 360,000 staff, ended up €9 billion in debt as it built up a controlling stake in VW.

That burden ultimately weakened its own position and the red ink will continue to hurt the company in this fiscal year.

Meanwhile powerful trade union IG Metall and the works council at Volkswagen fought the takeover by Porsche tooth-and-nail.

Hard-charging Porsche chief executive Wendelin Wiedeking inflamed tempers when he said he would go after the “sacred cows” at Volkswagen, where labour has a strong say in the company’s management.

Wiedeking’s bold attempt to take over the much bigger VW also made an enemy of Ferdinand Piech, the fearsome 72-year-old chairman of VW’s supervisory board and a scion of the Porsche clan who holds a major stake in the company.

Piech emerged top dog from a nasty months-long scrap with Wiedeking and Piech’s cousin Wolfgang Porsche, another major Porsche shareholder who had backed the VW takeover bid.

Wiedeking was forced to resign, and Porsche is now to become just one brand in VW’s sprawling stable which also includes Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Seat, Scania, and Skoda.

Analysts warned that although the giant company would likely benefit from synergies in the long-run, it could pose a few immediate problems for VW as the economic crisis rages on.

“One problem I see is that too much of the liquidity that Volkswagen still has will be spent on the deal,” an automobile industry expert at the University of Applied Science Bergisch-Gladbach, Stefan Bratzel, told the daily Berliner Zeitung.

He said VW needed the cash in the next two years for pressing concerns.

“In that time, VW will have quite a few expenses that we do not know about now. In addition, the group needs to invest heavily in future technology,” he said.

Nevertheless, he added, “VW has a strategic size that is extremely important in global competition. That is why I see the future of the company very optimistically.”

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7 tips for how to survive as a freelancer in Germany

Taking the decision to go it alone and freelance in Germany can be a daunting prospect. But, if you do it right, it can be an exciting and liberating path. Here are some of our top tips on how to survive.

7 tips for how to survive as a freelancer in Germany

1. Get a tax advisor

The German tax system is complicated, even for Germans. All the associated paperwork uses the Amtsprache (authority language) which is more like legalese than ‘normal’ German, and mistakes when filling out tax forms can cause you, at best, a massive headache and, at worst, a costly fine. So it’s best that you employ someone who knows what they’re doing to help you out.

That person is called a Steuerberater (tax advisor) in Germany. They will help you register with the tax office, correspond with them and submit your tax declarations.

Be aware that, in Germany, different deadlines apply for tax returns depending on whether you employ an official tax advisor or not. If you are doing the tax return on your own, the deadline for submitting your annual tax return is earlier than if you use a tax advisor’s services. 

READ ALSO: What NOT to do when you’re freelancing in Germany

When looking for a tax advisor, a top tip is to use your network to get recommendations. Ideally, you want someone who will do more than just fill in the forms for you, but who will actually advise you on how best to manage your business finances so that you can make tax savings.

2. Keep your accounting in order

The better you keep your own accounts in order, the easier it will be for your tax advisor to compile your tax declarations and therefore the cheaper their services will be.

As a freelancer, there are a lot of costs you can deduct from your taxes – from train tickets, working materials, to meals out – so it’s best to keep hold of all your receipts and to keep them in good order.

2 euros and 50 cents lie on a receipt in a beer garden. Photo: picture alliance/dpa | Peter Kneffel

In Germany, you’re obliged to keep hold of receipts for two years, in case of a tax inspection, so it’s a good idea to photocopy the type of machine-printed receipts you get from restaurants so that they stay legible for a long time.

There are also a few things to be aware of when writing your own invoices. Firstly, make sure that you include your tax number. This isn’t the 11-digit Steueridentifikationsnummer that everyone gets when registering in Germany, but the 10-digit Steuernummer you get from the Finanzamt after registering yourself as a freelancer. 

Most companies won’t pay you if you don’t have this on your invoices so make sure you include it.

You should also make sure that you number your invoices properly – ideally in ascending order so that you can easily keep track of them. You are not allowed to issue two invoices with the same number and if you do so and the finance office notices, you could face an inspection of your whole accounting system.

There are numerous great accounting software programmes you can use to help you, such as Lexoffice and Sevdesk and, even if you have to pay for them, the costs will be tax deductible!

3. Find out if you’re eligible for financial support

In Germany, there are several opportunities for freelancers to gain financial support and to cut their outgoings, and its worth finding out if you’re eligible for them.

If you’re claiming unemployment benefits under ALG 1 and are thinking about becoming a freelancer, the employment office offers a special type of financial support to help you to get your freelance business off the ground.

Called the Grundungszuschuss (“foundation grant”) the payment is a six-month grant equalling your monthly entitlement under ALG 1 plus €300 towards your insurance costs can be applied for those in receipt of this unemployment benefit.

READ ALSO: Will freelancers benefit from Germany’s €300 energy allowance?

If you are engaged in some form of artistic profession in Germany – which can include journalism to pottery – you may be entitled to membership to the Kunstlersozialkasse (artists’ social insurance).

Being a member of the KSK means you only have to pay half of your health insurance and pension contributions, and the KSK will pay the rest.

4. Work out how much you think you will earn

As with starting any business, you need to have some idea of your expected earnings from the outset.

If you’re just starting out as a freelancer, or have some freelance gigs on the side of an employment position, then it might be worth considering registering yourself as a Kleinunternehmer (“small business”).

As a Kleinunternehmer, you can currently earn up to €22.000 per year without having to charge VAT and having to submit only yearly tax declarations. 

An income tax declaration form lies on a table. Photo: picture alliance/dpa/dpa-Zentralbild | Hans-Jürgen Wiedl

Be aware that if you are registered as this kind of freelancer, you must include the following sentence in your invoices: ‘Gemäß § 19 UStG wird keine Umsatzsteuer berechnet’ which means ‘In accordance with Paragrah19 of the German VAT law, no VAT has been added to this invoice.’

READ ALSO: Everything you need to know about your German tax return in 2022

If you think you will earn more than €22.000 per year, you will need to pay Umsatzsteuer (VAT) and will have to submit tax declarations in advance and more often. Depending on how much you earn, this could be every month or every quarter. 

5. Get your insurance in order

In Germany, it’s a legal requirement to have health insurance.

If you’ve just made the move from employment to being a freelancer and want to keep the same health insurer, you should get in contact with your health insurance provider straight away to tell them about your change of circumstances. They will ask you to re-register and to tell them your projected freelance earnings for the year, so they can amend your monthly fees.

If you don’t keep your health insurer provider updated, you could continue to be charged the higher rate that you had from your previous salary.

The insurance cards of the health insurance companies DAK, AOK, Barmer and Techniker-Krankenkasse TK lie with euro notes under a stethoscope. Photo: picture alliance / dpa | Daniel Karmann

It’s not just health insurance you need to think about as a freelancer. It’s also wise to think about protecting yourself from any sort of claims that could arise as a result of any working mishaps. 

If, for example, you lose your laptop which contains confidential client information, you need to be protected against claims.

That’s why it’s good to have both Betriebshaftversicherung (business liability insurance) and Rechtschutzversicherung (legal protection insurance).

6. Plan your time wisely

All of these bureaucratic obligations take time. So it’s really important that you take account of that when planning your time. For example, planning half a day a week to deal with your invoices, filing, emails to clients, and conversations with authorities can be really beneficial when scheduling your working time. 

7. Grow your network

As a freelancer, networking is absolutely crucial to success. 

Keep an up-to-date profile on websites like LinkedIn and German equivalent XING and keep in contact with anyone you’ve ever worked with, no matter how brief the contact was. 

Having a network is not only about getting more clients, but also about building a support network in your field to exchange advice, tips and generally for your own enrichment. 

Participating in workshops related to your field, going to seminars, and meet-ups, can be great ways of broadening your network.