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BUSINESS

Infineon targeted in EU price fixing probe

Sites belonging to the German semi-conductor maker Infineon were searched within the framework of a European Commission probe into suspected price fixing of smart-cards, the company said on Wednesday.

Infineon targeted in EU price fixing probe
File photo of Infineon lab work. Photo: DPA

“Searches took place on October 21 and 22,” a spokesman told news agency AFP, adding that Infineon was cooperating with the investigation. The probe focused on the company’s smart card and security systems division, he said.

Smart-cards contain computer chips that process data, and are typically used in credit or identification cards, as well as in telephone SIM cards. The European Union’s top competition regulator said Wednesday it had raided smart-card chip producers in several EU nations on cartel suspicions.

The companies targeted by the probe were not identified. Under EU regulations companies found to have taken part in a cartel can be fined up to 10 percent of its annual sales. No strict deadline is set for cartel inquiries, with their length dependent on the complexity of each case, the extent to which suspects cooperate and the way they use their right to defence.

EU competition commissioner Neelie Kroes has focused on fighting practices that curb competition, and heavier fines have been levied in recent years. The biggest to date came in mid November, when four glass producers were fined a total of €1.38 billion ($1.86 billion), of which the French group Saint-Gobain was told to pay €896 million.

TECH

What steps is Germany taking to improve internet speed?

Germany is known for being behind when it comes to internet speed, coverage and embracing digital changes. But the German government is trying to change that. Here's a look at what's going on.

What steps is Germany taking to improve internet speed?

Anyone who’s been in Germany will probably have faced issues with their wifi, whether it’s a slow connection or lack of it. 

The country is also known for being slow on the uptake of moving paperwork to a digital format, with some services even requiring a fax machine at times.

And for years, people have been dreaming of being able to have an electronic patient file that would bundle all medical results and make it easy to pass them on to doctors with just one click.

Germany’s digital strategy, put forward by the coalition government of the Social Democrats (SPD), Greens and Free Democrats (FDP) aims to address these things. 

It was set to be discussed in the Bundestag on Thursday – but does it go far enough?

What do the plans say?

By 2025, at least half of all households in Germany should have a fiber-optic connection, and by 2026, there should be interference-free smartphone coverage throughout the country, under the plans. 

This is not new – the expansion has been going on for some time and is part of the gigabit strategy, which is also being discussed in the Bundestag.

It involves things like new laying techniques, which would make it possible to expand much faster, Maik Außendorf, head of the Green party’s Digital Affairs told German broadcaster, Tagesschau. By 2030, the entire country should have fibre-optic lines.

READ MORE: How Germany is facing up to its slow internet problem

Nadine Schön, digital policy spokesperson for the opposition CDU/CSU, says that Germany needs to become a less paperwork-orientated country. 

“The Finns are the happiest people in Europe, and when you ask them why, they say – ‘the state relieves us of all the paperwork’,” she told the Tagesschau. “They can do their tax returns on their mobile phones in eight minutes; they can do everything digitally.”

The digital strategy portrays a convenient, new world that many people in Germany have been craving for a long time. For instance, thanks to digital identity setups, people could authenticate themselves at a public authority from home. They could then apply for a new registration (Anmeldung) after moving, or get a new resident’s parking permit from their couch.

Companies and startups would receive better support to simplify the often time-consuming processes with government agencies.

But both Schön (CDU/CSU) and Außendorf (Greens), who sit on the Digital Affairs Committee in the Bundestag, are not yet satisfied with the strategy.

The conservatives are introducing their own motion to the debate, and are pressing for even better business support for the digital transformation. 

Außendorf, on the other hand, is concerned that there is still no defined digital budget, even though this is stipulated in the coalition agreement.

In his view, this is a key point for advancing important IT projects in a targeted manner.

Sustainability is also an important factor to Außendorf when it comes to the digital strategy. He is keen on unconventional ideas, citing the example of a greenhouse on the roof of a data centre in North Friesland that uses the waste heat from a server farm.

“Data centres consume an enormous amount of energy, and a large part of it goes into the environment as waste heat,” he says. “This waste heat can be used in a variety of ways, for example by coupling it to local and district heating networks or for heating greenhouses.”

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