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EUROPEAN UNION

Germans prefer tax cuts to consumer vouchers

The majority of Germans would rather see tax cuts than a consumer voucher to help spur the economy, according to a poll released by public broadcaster ARD on Friday.

Germans prefer tax cuts to consumer vouchers
Must...keep...consuming.... Photo: DPA

Some 80 percent of those polled said they thought lowering taxes were the right way to bolster growth. Only 11 percent said they thought a consumer voucher – rumoured to be under consideration by the German government for an economic stimulus package – would be effective.

About 73 percent of poll participants said they thought the economy was in bad shape, meanwhile 26 percent said things were good. Some 64 percent found their personal financial situation to be unsatisfactory, and 35 percent were happy with the balance on their bank accounts.

There was speculation in November that the German government was considering giving the country’s consumers €500 vouchers, but so far officials have denied they are planning any such measures.

In the wake of the global financial crisis, the German government has cut taxes and announced infrastructure spending worth more than €32 billion to jumpstart its economy, but is still under pressure to do more.

The poll was conducted by research organization „Infratest dimap,“ who questioned 1,000 citizens on December 9 and 10 for the ARD Morgenmagazin show.

ECONOMY

German consumer prices set to rise steeply amid war in Ukraine

Russia's war in Ukraine is slowing down the economy and accelerating inflation in Germany, the Ifo Institute has claimed.

German consumer prices set to rise steeply amid war in Ukraine

According to the Munich-based economics institute, inflation is expected to rise from 5.1 to 6.1 percent in March. This would be the steepest rise in consumer prices since 1982.

Over the past few months, consumers in Germany have already had to battle with huge hikes in energy costs, fuel prices and increases in the price of other everyday commodities.

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With Russia and Ukraine representing major suppliers of wheat and grain, further price rises in the food market are also expected, putting an additional strain on tight incomes. 

At the same time, the ongoing conflict is set to put a dampener on the country’s annual growth forecasts. 

“We only expect growth of between 2.2 and 3.1 percent this year,” Ifo’s head of economic research Timo Wollmershäuser said on Wednesday. 

Due to the increase in the cost of living, consumers in Germany could lose around €6 billion in purchasing power by the end of March alone.

With public life in Germany returning to normal and manufacturers’ order books filling up, a significant rebound in the economy was expected this year. 

But the war “is dampening the economy through significantly higher commodity prices, sanctions, increasing supply bottlenecks for raw materials and intermediate products as well as increased economic uncertainty”, Wollmershäuser said.

Because of the current uncertainly, the Ifo Institute calculated two separate forecasts for the upcoming year.

In the optimistic scenario, the price of oil falls gradually from the current €101 per barrel to €82 by the end of the year, and the price of natural gas falls in parallel.

In the pessimistic scenario, the oil price rises to €140 per barrel by May and only then falls to €122 by the end of the year.

Energy costs have a particularly strong impact on private consumer spending.

They could rise between 3.7 and 5 percent, depending on the developments in Ukraine, sanctions on Russia and the German government’s ability to source its energy. 

On Wednesday, German media reported that the government was in the process of thrashing out an additional set of measures designed to support consumers with their rising energy costs.

The hotly debated measures are expected to be finalised on Wednesday evening and could include increased subsidies, a mobility allowance, a fuel rebate and a child bonus for families. 

READ ALSO: KEY POINTS: Germany’s proposals for future energy price relief

In one piece of positive news, the number of unemployed people in Germany should fall to below 2.3 million, according to the Ifo Institute.

However, short-time work, known as Kurzarbeit in German, is likely to increase significantly in the pessimistic scenario.

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