The list gives information such as addresses and deportation dates for the hundreds of thousands of Jews who lived in Germany between Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 and his defeat in 1945, the German government said in a statement.
Between 500,000 and 550,000 Jews lived in Germany before 1933. By the end of the war in 1945 only several thousand remained. The list is not definitive and requires fine tuning, said Germany’s Remembrance, Responsibility and Future Foundation, the organization that compiled the list. The information includes the names of Jews who travelled through Germany briefly, such as those fleeing Russia to settle in the United States, the organization said.
Aimed at facilitating research by both private individuals and historians, it gave victims a “name and a dignity,” and ensured that they would not be forgotten, said Hildegard Müller, an official in the Chancellery. Copies will be be sent to different museums and institutions.
The foundation was created under the government of former Chancellor Gerhard Schröder in order to compensate the victims of forced labour under the Third Reich. The list was compiled over a period of four years during which researchers scoured hundreds of registers and archives for details.
It constituted another step towards the “reconstruction of the Jewish identity,” added foundation director Günter Saathoff. More than six million Jews from across Nazi-occupied Europe perished during the Holocaust.