• Germany's news in English

Germany to compensate Budapest Holocaust survivors

DPA/The Local · 6 Aug 2008, 16:07

Published: 06 Aug 2008 16:07 GMT+02:00

Facebook Twitter Google+ reddit

Previous reparation programmes did not include some Holocaust survivors in Budapest because the Nazi occupation there did not last long enough to qualify them for compensation. Germany also initially only paid reparations to Eastern European Jews who were deported to Germany.

Under a deal with the German Ministry of Finance, survivors who currently reside in Eastern Europe and have not been paid under other programmes are now entitled to a one-time payment of €1,900 ($2,930) from a €12.3 million reparations fund.

"This is a long overdue gesture to the survivors of Budapest," Claims Conference spokesman Georg Heuberger said on Wednesday, praising German authorities for closing what he called "an important gap" in compensation to victims of the Holocaust.

Despite its relatively short duration there, the Holocaust "was in no German-occupied country more effectively and industrially organized than in Hungary," Heuberger said.

Some 400,000 of the 725,000 Jews in Hungary were killed between the Nazi invasion in March 1944 and the Soviet army's liberation of the country 11 months later, on Feb. 13, 1945.

German forces occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944. By the next day, Adolf Eichmann was in Budapest to arrange the deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz - but instead of deporting the Jews of Budapest immediately, as Eichmann had intended, the Nazis began with the Jewish population of the provinces. On June 16, some 200,000 Jews in Budapest were moved into a 2,000-house ghetto.

The pro-Nazi Hungarian Arrow Cross Party came to power in October 1944, killing 10,000 to 20,000 Jews in pogroms in Budapest. Another 20,000 Jews were shot on the banks of the Danube River, while 50,000 Hungarian Jews were force-marched to Germany. Some 7,000 people were shot along the way, while 2,000 died of exhaustion.

Story continues below…

The Claims Conference, established in 1951, administers funding from unclaimed Jewish assets and reparations paid by the legal successors of Nazi states. Conference officials said they are issuing claims forms to 5,790 survivors believed to be eligible under the new program. Survivors who believe they are eligible but do not receive a claim form are encouraged to reply, the Claims Conference said.

The application deadline is August 6, 2009.

DPA/The Local (news@thelocal.de)

Facebook Twitter Google+ reddit

Today's headlines
Creepy clown scare spreads to Germany
Two of the clowns were apparently equipped with chainsaws. Photo: Pedro Pardo / AFP file picture

Police said Friday five incidents involving so-called scary clowns had occurred in two north German town, including one assailant who hit a man with a baseball bat, amid fears that Halloween could spark a rash of similar attacks.

Student fined for spying on women via their webcams
Photo: DPA

Student from Munich fined €1,000 for spying on 32 different computers, using their webcams to take photographs, or record their keyboard history.

This is how much startup geeks earn in Germany
Photo: DPA

A comprehensive new survey of 143 startup founders shows how much you are likely to be earning at a German startup, from entry level all the way up to sitting on the board.

Man dies after beating for peeing near Freiburg church
The Johannes Church in Freiburg. Photo Jörgens Mi/Wikipedia

A middle-aged man from southern Germany has died after being attacked by a group of men who took umbrage with the fact he was urinating in the vicinity of a church.

The Local List
Seven German celebrities with uncanny doppelgängers
Former Berlin mayor Klaus Wowereit and actor Alec Baldwin. Photo: DPA; Gage Skidmore, Wikimedia Commons

Check out these seven look-a-likes of well known German figures - we admit that some are more tenuous than others...

Israel seeks to buy three new German submarines: report
A Dolphin class submarine. Photo: DPA

Israel is seeking to buy three more advanced submarines from Germany at a combined price of €1.2 billion, an Israeli newspaper reported Friday.

Here’s where people live the longest in Germany
Photo: DPA

Germans down south seem to know the secret to a long life.

More Germans identify as LGBT than in rest of Europe
Photo: DPA

The percentage of the German population which identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender is higher than anywhere else in Europe, according to a new study.

'Reichsbürger' pair attack police in Saxony-Anhalt
File photo: DPA.

A "Reichsbürger" and his wife attacked police officers on Thursday, just a day after another Reichsbürger fatally shot an officer in Bavaria.

Five things not to miss at the Frankfurt Book Fair
Photo: DPA

From consulting a book doctor to immersing yourself in an author's world with the help of virtual reality, here are five things not to miss at this week's Frankfurt Book Fair, the world's largest publishing event.

Sponsored Article
How to vote absentee from abroad in the US elections
10 things you never knew about socialist East Germany
Sponsored Article
Last chance to vote absentee in the US elections
How Germans fell in love with America's favourite squash
How I ditched London for Berlin and became a published author
Sponsored Article
How to vote absentee from abroad in the US elections
12 clever German idioms that'll make you sound like a pro
23 fascinating facts you never knew about Berlin
9 unmissable events to check out in Germany this October
10 things you never knew about German reunification
10 things you're sure to notice after an Oktoberfest visit
Germany's 10 most Instagram-able places
15 pics that prove Germany is absolutely enchanting in autumn
10 German films you have to watch before you die
6 things about Munich that’ll stay with you forever
10 pieces of German slang you'll never learn in class
Ouch! Naked swimmer hospitalized after angler hooks his penis
Six reasons why Berlin is now known as 'the failed city'
15 tell-tale signs you’ll never quite master German
7 American habits that make Germans very, very uncomfortable
Story of a fugitive cow who outwitted police for weeks before capture
Eleven famous Germans with surnames that'll make your sides split
The best ways to get a visa as an American in Germany
jobs available
Toytown Germany
Germany's English-speaking crowd