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POLITICS

Germany backs railway privatization

Germany’s ruling parliamentary coalition unified on a partial privatization of the country’s national railway operator Deutsche Bahn late on Monday night.

Germany backs railway privatization
Photo: DPA

Private investors will be able to invest in up to 24.9 percent of the rail unit involved in freight and passenger traffic, heads of the conservative Christian Democrats (CDU), their Bavarian sister party the Christian Socialists (CSU) and the centre-left Social Democrats (SPD) decided in a closed-door meeting of party leadership.

Partial privatization could raise up to €8 billion ($12.5 billion), Transport Minister Wolfgang Tiefensee told Deutschlandfunk radio on Tuesday. Tiefensee said stock could be offered before the end of the year.

“I am certain the investors will come,” Tiefensee said, calling Bahn shares “secure investments that that will provide for long-term growth.”

Deutsche Bahn’s 34,000 kilometre (21,127 miles) network of tracks, train stations and energy supplies will remain in public ownership, party leaders decided.

The plan follows one the SPD party leadership approved on April 21.

Two-thirds of the capital raised by privatization will be invested back into the Bahn, SPD chairman Kurt Beck said on Monday.

But Beck promised that 24.9 percent would be the ceiling for private ownership, calling it the “end point of privatization”.

“We will stick to this clear declaration,” Beck said.

CDU parliamentary group leader Volker Kauder said when the SPD approved its plan last week that the 24.9-percent figure was “an initial step” and that to allow up to 49 percent private investment would be more appropriate.

Kauder said Monday’s agreement opened the way for a “Bahn with a future.”

The agreement now must go to the lower house of parliament before the summer break. It also needs approval from Germany’s 16 states, several of which fear the closure of stations and smaller lines as part of any overhaul.

ddp/afp

POLITICS

Germany’s Scholz denies influence in tax fraud probe

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz on Friday denied helping a bank avoid paying back millions in tax rebates claimed under a huge fraud scam as he answered to a committee investigating the scandal.  

Germany's Scholz denies influence in tax fraud probe

The parliamentary committee in Hamburg is probing why local finance authorities in 2016 dropped a bid to claw back 47 million euros ($48 million) in taxes from private bank M. M. Warburg over so-called cum-ex trades.  

Scholz was the mayor of Hamburg from 2011 to 2018 and has struggled to shake off suspicions that he was involved in the decision to let the bank off the hook, despite repeatedly denying his involvement.  

Arriving at the hearing, the chancellor eyed the room with a grim expression on his face before swearing that he would tell the truth to the committee.  

He then reiterated his innocence, declaring: “I had no influence on the Warburg tax proceedings.”  

First exposed in 2017, the “cum-ex” scam involved numerous participants swiftly exchanging company shares amongst themselves around dividend day to claim multiple tax rebates on a single payout.  

The scam cost the government billions and has seen dozens of people indicted in Germany, including bankers, stock traders, lawyers and financial consultants.  

Warburg eventually had to pay back tens of millions of euros under pressure from Merkel’s federal government.  

READ ALSO: Germany lost €32 billion to bankers in ‘biggest ever tax scandal’

According to German media reports, investigators have examined emails from the account used by Scholz during his time as the mayor of Hamburg in connection with the scandal. 

Nothing to hide

The grilling in Hamburg comes as Scholz is already facing dismal popularity ratings after his first six months in office were tarnished by criticism over his perceived weak response to the war in Ukraine.  

More recently, the chancellor has struggled to reassure Germans over possible energy shortages this winter and the very real prospect of a recession in Europe’s biggest economy.  Scholz also this week faced a backlash over his failure to immediately condemn comments on the Holocaust made in Berlin by Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas.  

Scholz’s spokesman Steffen Hebestreit on Wednesday assured journalists that the chancellor would answer all of the committee’s questions and had nothing to hide.  

Asked about the scandal himself during a press conference last week, Scholz said he had “commented on these things very extensively and for many hours and will do so again”.  

“A huge number of hearings, a huge number of files have brought only one result: there are no findings that there was political influence,” he said.  

But rumours have continued to swirl, especially over an alleged conversation between Scholz and Christian Olearius, then head of the bank.  

Scholz initially admitted meeting Olearius, according to Stern magazine, but later denied having any concrete recollection of the encounter. 

Cash stash

The Bild daily on Friday published excerpts from Olearius’s diary in which the banker appeared to describe talks between him and Scholz on October 26, 2016.  

“He asks questions, listens, expresses no opinion, gives nothing away as to what he thinks or whether and how he intends to act,” Olearius reportedly wrote after the meeting.  

According to several German media reports, investigators have also seized emails from Scholz’s former office manager Jeanette Schwamberger that could bring new evidence to light.  

These emails are “potentially relevant to the evidence, as they suggest considerations around deleting data”, according to the reports.  

The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung said the emails clearly “incriminate” Scholz.  Scholz and his people have “tried to provide only limited information on certain meetings or telephone conversations”, said Matthias Hauer, an opposition conservative MP.  

Johannes Kahrs, a former MP with Scholz’s Social Democrats (SPD) party, is also under investigation as part of the Hamburg probe.  

According to German media, investigators recently found around 200,000 euros in cash in a bank safe deposit box belonging to Kahrs, though it is unclear whether the find has anything to do with the cum-ex scandal. 

READ ALSO: German police make nationwide raids over tax fraud

By Sebastian Bronst with Femke Colborne in Berlin

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