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ECONOMY

German industrial orders drop 1.5 percent

German industrial orders fell a greater-than-expected 1.5 percent in January from December, according to official figures released Thursday.

Analysts had forecast a drop of just 0.3 percent. The economy ministry for the world’s third largest economy said that in December, industrial orders fell by 1.1 percent, revising an earlier provisional figure of a decline of 1.7 percent.

The ministry attributed January’s sharp drop to a decrease in the number of big contracts.

“There was a backlash” after the end of 2007 when several major contracts were concluded, the ministry said in a statement. It pointed out that this affected foreign orders more than domestic orders, which “have picked up.”

Orders for capital goods fell 1.8 percent and manufacturers of consumer goods reported a 0.6 percent drop in orders.

On an annual basis the picture remains positive with industrial orders up 7.9 percent for December-January compared to the same two-month period in 2007. Germany is hoping that consumer spending will pick up to offset any potential drop in industrial exports.

Exports are the traditional driving motor of Europe’s biggest economy but

there are fears demand could taper off as a result of global economic instability and a stronger euro.

ECONOMY

German consumer prices set to rise steeply amid war in Ukraine

Russia's war in Ukraine is slowing down the economy and accelerating inflation in Germany, the Ifo Institute has claimed.

German consumer prices set to rise steeply amid war in Ukraine

According to the Munich-based economics institute, inflation is expected to rise from 5.1 to 6.1 percent in March. This would be the steepest rise in consumer prices since 1982.

Over the past few months, consumers in Germany have already had to battle with huge hikes in energy costs, fuel prices and increases in the price of other everyday commodities.

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With Russia and Ukraine representing major suppliers of wheat and grain, further price rises in the food market are also expected, putting an additional strain on tight incomes. 

At the same time, the ongoing conflict is set to put a dampener on the country’s annual growth forecasts. 

“We only expect growth of between 2.2 and 3.1 percent this year,” Ifo’s head of economic research Timo Wollmershäuser said on Wednesday. 

Due to the increase in the cost of living, consumers in Germany could lose around €6 billion in purchasing power by the end of March alone.

With public life in Germany returning to normal and manufacturers’ order books filling up, a significant rebound in the economy was expected this year. 

But the war “is dampening the economy through significantly higher commodity prices, sanctions, increasing supply bottlenecks for raw materials and intermediate products as well as increased economic uncertainty”, Wollmershäuser said.

Because of the current uncertainly, the Ifo Institute calculated two separate forecasts for the upcoming year.

In the optimistic scenario, the price of oil falls gradually from the current €101 per barrel to €82 by the end of the year, and the price of natural gas falls in parallel.

In the pessimistic scenario, the oil price rises to €140 per barrel by May and only then falls to €122 by the end of the year.

Energy costs have a particularly strong impact on private consumer spending.

They could rise between 3.7 and 5 percent, depending on the developments in Ukraine, sanctions on Russia and the German government’s ability to source its energy. 

On Wednesday, German media reported that the government was in the process of thrashing out an additional set of measures designed to support consumers with their rising energy costs.

The hotly debated measures are expected to be finalised on Wednesday evening and could include increased subsidies, a mobility allowance, a fuel rebate and a child bonus for families. 

READ ALSO: KEY POINTS: Germany’s proposals for future energy price relief

In one piece of positive news, the number of unemployed people in Germany should fall to below 2.3 million, according to the Ifo Institute.

However, short-time work, known as Kurzarbeit in German, is likely to increase significantly in the pessimistic scenario.

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