First founded in 179 AD by Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Regensburg later became the first capital of Bavaria and Free Imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire.
The city's historic central strategic and political importance has certainly left its mark - all the political, economic and religious developments of the Middle Ages are reflected here.
Visitors to Regensburg are transported back in time when walking the narrow, winding lanes of the old quarter to take in St. Peter's cathedral, the courtyards and private chapels of the medieval patrician houses, the palace of the Princes of Thurn and Taxis and the Romanesque and Gothic buildings.
Other attractions include the architecturally masterful medieval Stone Bridge across the Danube, from where the view of the city's steeples, colourful houses and arches is almost Mediterranean - justifying Regensburg's reputation as "Italy's northernmost town."
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The historic city has been a UNESCO-World Heritage site since 2006.