• Germany's news in English
 

Hitler's rise to power remembered 80 years on

Published: 30 Jan 2013 07:43 GMT+01:00

In a black-and-white photo, visitors can make out the Führer saluting the crowd from the chancellery window on the evening of January 30, 1933, after earlier having been made chancellor and been charged by president Paul von Hindenburg with forming a new government.

The picture is on display at "Berlin 1933. On the Path to Dictatorship", due to be opened by Merkel in the German capital on Wednesday, on a site charged with history as the former headquarters of the Gestapo, the secret police of the Nazi regime.

It now houses The Topography of Terror, an open-air documentation centre whose exhibition will trace Hitler's first months in power through photos, newspapers and posters.

"The hour has come! We are at Wilhelmstrasse (the site of the chancellery at the time). Hitler is chancellor of the Reich. Like in a fairytale," wrote Joseph Goebbels, who was to become Nazi propaganda chief, in his diary on January 31, 1933.

Posters go on to show images of the Reichstag going up in flames the following month and then the first measures taken against the Jews on April 1, with the start of a boycott of Jewish shops, doctors and lawyers.

"Germans, defend yourselves! Don't buy from Jews," a poster states.

Andreas Nachama, director of The Topography of Terror, said the arrival of the failed painter from Austria at the helm of power in Germany was an "incision" in history, although nobody at the time thought he would last.

However the parliamentary system of the Weimar Republic failed to find a stable majority and Hitler, on the back of over-simplified themes, rallied millions of unemployed and people who had lost everything in the economic crisis.

According to Nachama, the exhibition shows the "daily erosion of democratic institutions" as the Nazi regime began to build up steam, eventually leading to World War II and the deaths of 40 to 60 million people, including six million Jews.

The 80th anniversary has sparked much interest in Germany - a novel that imagines Hitler's return to modern-day Berlin entitled "He's Back" (Er Ist Wieder Da) has become a bestseller here.

Another two exhibitions are also due to open - one on Berlin and the Nazis at the German Historical Museum and the other offering a thematic tour of Berlin's symbolic sites from the Third Reich.

Just ahead of the anniversary, Merkel said in her weekly podcast that Germany had "an everlasting responsibility for the crimes of National Socialism, for the victims of World War II, and above all, for the Holocaust".

"We're facing our history, we're not hiding anything, we're not repressing anything. We must confront this to make sure we are a good and trustworthy partner in the future, as we already are today, thankfully," Merkel said.

AFP/mry

The Local (news@thelocal.de)

Your comments about this article

14:50 January 30, 2013 by Sastry.M
Also it is an everlasting responsibility of all humanity to note that daily events are reported in news media as created presently in destitution and distress by human beings struggling to earn daily bread for a living and becomes a subject matter of history to posterity to be studied in comfort to acquire educational qualifications.

Crimes committed in the past can only be redeemed by inculcating virtue and righteous conduct among the people who committed atrocities against humanity according to sacred scriptural injunctions proclaimed by Religious Faith and Divine Order. There followed the ¦#39;de-Nazification programs¦#39; instituted by allied victors among German population immediately after ww2. If this has instilled democratic virtues impressed by the ¦#39;programs¦#39; resulting in the miraculous economic recovery and reconstruction of Germany, although a former enemy, glory be to God, Christianity and human Victory to the virtuous Allies.

Is it worth the while all along 67years up to the present, even after the atrocious Nazi period which began 80 years ago and lasted a brief 12 years resonantly rising high and resulted in ruins of rubble, to create monuments of remembrance, institutions of study and recollection of the ghastly crimes assiduously in a religious manner and causing greatest embarrassment of shame as well as stirring up feelings of retaliation even among the progeny of grand children?

One molecule of the deadly poison of ¦#39;hate¦#39; with a space created to store it in heart can destroy the whole of humanity within a period of a few decades what it took God to wait for many million years to create one virtuous human being.
14:52 January 30, 2013 by tdog1964
When will it end for Germany. Stalin killed millions , but the Ruusians do not have any guilt. Germay is allied with Israel . They belong to NATO . They seem to have the strongest economy in Europe. Let the past fade away.
17:51 January 30, 2013 by Reader75
Those who don't know history are destined to repeat it. - - Edmund Burke
23:53 January 30, 2013 by RainerL
I agree with tdog. I amongst many also think this> Lets not forget the British, the French, the Turks, the Romans, Russians, Chinese Americans > Shall I go on??? Yes! Why don't we have aniversaries for of them too and remember THEIR cruelties? I guess Germans are greatly singled out. Lets move on and stop justifying all in keeping a Nazi stgma going in order to keep any German freedom of speech. Perhaps it is an ongoing punishment and FEAR that drives this? Lets move on!!!!
00:10 January 31, 2013 by pedro-777
Easy answer tdog1964, nowadays all the media is owned by jews.
19:36 January 31, 2013 by guliver
pedro

I wish it was the situation if it was true people like you would not be able to expose their racial hate on this Media.
12:22 February 1, 2013 by zeddriver
The rise of Hitler was one of the rare events in the rise of a dictator that was fully documented from within and outside of the subject country.(Germany in this case) Even in so far as to go all the way back to the treaties of WWI to see how the good people of Germany could have mistakenly seen Hitler as a savior of Germany. And that is why it is looked at so much. In other countries similar situations were not so well documented. And thus the true nature of how such things can happen are then lost or are misinterpreted.

In the USA we do not shy away from or pretend that slavery did not exist in our past. We look at it to learn and remind ourselves to never let that happen again.
Today's headlines
German woman, 65, has quadruplets
Photo: DPA

German woman, 65, has quadruplets

A 65-year-old German woman, who already has 13 children, has given birth to quadruplets after undergoing an artificial insemination procedure in Ukraine. READ  

German WWII remains exhumed in Bosnia
Photo: DPA

German WWII remains exhumed in Bosnia

The remains of about 20 people, thought to be German and Italian soldiers killed in Bosnia during World War II, have been exhumed in the east of the country, officials said Friday. READ  

Sotherby's sells Nazi-era art trove find
Some 1,600 works of art were found behind this door in 2012. Photo: DPA

Sotherby's sells Nazi-era art trove find

A painting by Max Liebermann from a Nazi-era art trove found in Germany last year will go on sale in London next month, the first from the collection to be sold off, Sotheby's said on Friday. READ  

Family's ten-year quest for truth about dead son
Jeremiah Duggan. Photo: Justice for Jeremy

Family's ten-year quest for truth about dead son

The family of a British student killed in Wiesbaden over 12 years ago made a fresh step towards justice on Thursday, after a London coroner disagreed with German authorities' belief that he killed himself. READ  

Property of the week
Property of the Week: May 22nd
Photo: Mr Lodge

Property of the Week: May 22nd

Modern and sophisticated: This week’s property combines classic architecture with chic furnishings to create an elegant and luxurious living experience. READ  

83-year-old gets second drug dealing sentence
The judge said, given his age, he was not the ideal candidate for therapy. Photo:DPA

83-year-old gets second drug dealing sentence

An 83-year-old man was handed a six month suspended sentence on Thursday after being caught carrying seven bags of heroin in Düsseldorf. READ  

Carnival of Cultures in Berlin: six top picks
The dazzling colour of 2014's festival parade. Photo: Karneval der Kulturen

Carnival of Cultures in Berlin: six top picks

This weekend Berlin will be lit up by the vibrancy and colour of the Carnival of Cultures, an annual four-day urban festival that celebrates the diversity of Germany's capital. Here are six things not to miss. READ  

Bayern fans bring club's earliest years to light
FC Bayern's first team in 1925, the year of the commemorative publication. Photo: Jewish Museum

Bayern fans bring club's earliest years to light

For decades the early history of FC Bayern München was forgotten, but FCB fans have re-discovered a book from 1925 documenting the club's founding moments. READ  

Top spy admits: We're 'dependent' on NSA
Gerhard Schindler admitted that the BND had made mistakes in its handling of NSA requests. Photo: DPA

Top spy admits: We're 'dependent' on NSA

The head of the German Intelligence Agency (BND) told a special parliamentary committee on Thursday that his agency is 'dependent on' the American National Security Agency (NSA). READ  

Autobahn driver suffers drone windscreen smash
Photo: Polizei Bochum

Autobahn driver suffers drone windscreen smash

After a low flying drone crashed into the windscreen of a car on the Autobahn outside Bochum, police announced on Thursday they are looking for witnesses. READ  

RECEIVE OUR NEWSLETTER AND ALERTS
Travel
Why the train strike is bad for passengers and workers
National
Meet Germany's Eurovision hope
Business & Money
Is 2015 a new moment for jobsharing?
Features
How the LGBT rights movement was born in Germany
National
Why you don't make bomb jokes at the airport
National
Why Germany needs a little less tipple
National
Who Germans and Americans trust... and don't
Politics
What the UK election means for Germany
National
Why Germany is great for mums
Features
The Germans with GI dads
Five ways Germany falls short on gay rights
Travel
Giant tortoise found riding Munich rail
National
FCK CPS? A-OK with court
Politics
Opinion: Brexit's dangers for Germany
Features
Smart kids all want to work for BMW
National
Minister shows off top Denglisch
National
Germany's 'other genocide' in Africa
National
Arms firms get a 'must do better' mark on ethics
Sport
Bayern's anticlimactic 25th Bundesliga win
Politics
A Greek learning politics in Germany
Features
The battle of the "Gates of Berlin"
National
Germany's 'very poor' lobbying record
National
Germany's favourite baby names of 2014
Politics
Merkel's 15 years at the top of German politics
Travel
Lowest of the low: how woman exploited Germanwings crash
Features
Spice up asparagus season with The Local's serving suggestions
Sport
Football and the €30,000 firework
Technology
Why scientists oppose killer robots
National
'Cannibal cop' gets 8 years
National
Which city is Germany's worst for drivers?
Technology
Electrifying 'Ostalgia'
National
Cologne Cathedral returns from space
Pupils mourn lost classmates
National
Freed after 25 years on death row
Shutterstock
Sponsored Article
10 things you didn’t know about Zagreb (and why you should go)
Is your workload 'out of control'? You're not alone...
Sponsored Article
What expat parents should ask before choosing a school
Features
Paddy's Day, Berlin style
National
Why east Germans are happy to get it on on camera
National
Uplifting thoughts to get you through the last week of winter
National
What would you do with a 250-year-old pretzel?
National
Who wants the Olympics more - Hamburg or Berlin?
Features
Just why is the German flag Schwarz, Rot, Gold?
Business & Money
Getting German workers and bosses thinking positive
Latest news from The Local in Austria

More news from Austria at thelocal.at

Latest news from The Local in Switzerland

More news from Switzerland at thelocal.ch

Latest news from The Local in Denmark

More news from Denmark at thelocal.dk

Latest news from The Local in Spain

More news from Spain at thelocal.es

Latest news from The Local in France

More news from France at thelocal.fr

Latest news from The Local in Italy

More news from Italy at thelocal.it

Latest news from The Local in Norway

More news from Norway at thelocal.no

Latest news from The Local in Sweden

More news from Sweden at thelocal.se

6,796
jobs available
Toytown Germany
Germany's English-speaking crowd